Last year, when helping assemble SPIN's 50 Best Albums of 1971, I wondered if that year could have been popular music's absolute peak. Now I'm asking myself that same question all over again. As I built a spreadsheet for 1972, gathering our writers' votes alongside my own weird choices, I was once again struck by how many bronze-cast classics came out that year: LPs from David Bowie, Al Green, Aretha Franklin, The Allman Brothers Band, Yes, Stevie Wonder, Roxy Music, and on and on. Run down basically every genre \u2013 glam, soul, prog, art rock, Southern rock, metal, folk, MPB \u2014 and you'll find the very best shit, whether eternally famous or sadly obscure. (My poor spreadsheet, swelling each day, originally had hundreds of worthy records. But you have to start chopping eventually.) Here's where we landed: SPIN's 50 Best Albums of 1972. - Ryan Reed 50. T. Rex - The Slider T. Rex \/ EMI Though it lacks the next-level-inspired songwriting and incandescent horniness of Electric Warrior, T. Rex\u2019s follow-up remains a dreamy classic in its own right. Quirky rock nuggets like \u201cMetal Guru,\u201d \u201cTelegram Sam\u201d and \u201cBaby Strange\u201d mellow out the glitter-glam formula perfected on the previous year\u2019s LP, forming a second string of the band\u2019s best-loved songs. The downside: It can be a little too sure-footed, and thus a touch one-note. But it\u2019s still a trove of blissed-out delights. Even B-side curiosities like \u201cBallrooms of Mars\u201d have endured as fan favorites. - Beverly Bryan 49. Popol Vuh - Hosianna Mantra Pilz With Hosianna Mantra, Popol Vuh turned their back on the synthesizers that German kosmische groups wielded to explore (and communicate with?) the outer limits, but not the movement\u2019s greater celestial aims. Florian Fricke\u2019s piano feels more guided than played, amassing in clusters of breathtaking beauty; with Conny Veit\u2019s wispy guitar and Djong Yun's streaks-of-light vocals, Mantra shines bright with just a hint of opaqueness to maintain that spacey mystique. This album definitely launched a million new age cassette labels in the \u201880s, and while they issued plenty of hidden gems, none come close to the genuine article. - Andy O\u2019Connor 48. Frank Zappa - The Grand Wazoo Bizarre \/ Reprise Rock iconoclast Frank Zappa was drawn to big-band jazz for reasons of circumstance as much as inspiration. Confined to a wheelchair after being injured in a 1971 stage assault by a deranged fan, Zappa was unable to tour for most of the year; a crushed larynx incentivized him to focus on instrumental music. So on a pair of \u201872 LPs, Waka\/Jawaka and The Grand Wazoo, he returned to the jazz-fusion terrain of his 1969 classic Hot Rats, emphasizing his compositional abilities over rock prowess. The Grand Wazoo is the superior of these two jazz-rock outings, highlighted by the sinister vignette "For Calvin (and His Next Two Hitch-Hikers)," the circuslike "Cletus Awreetus-Awrightus," and the funky fusion workout "Eat That Question." - Zach Schonfeld 47. Banco del Mutuo Soccorso - Darwin! Ricordi This Italian band's genre fusion and vulnerability are rooted in epic, magic-hour warmth. And while Darwin!, their revered second LP, remains perpetually cool, Banco del Mutuo Soccorso are clearly sweating it here: charging into rock's cinematic frontier with overdriven organ freakouts, acoustic delicacies, and Francesco Di Giacomo's devastating, operatic vocals. The high-minded theatricality feels earned in the loveliness of its quieter passages, including the band's first jazz interlude, but it's an overall visceral affair. Unlike some of the later, more robotic entries in the prog pantheon, this one shoots for the heart. - John Wenzel 46. Deep Purple - Machine Head Purple \/ Rhino Black Sabbath gave metal its heaviness, Led Zeppelin its mystique, and Deep Purple its badass swagger. Formed in \u201860s London as a psychedelic group, Deep Purple quickly evolved to harness both brawny guitar riffs and a taste for blasting down the highway at reckless speeds. The group\u2019s sixth album is largely about living fast and driving fast, songs like \u201cSpace Truckin\u2019\u201d and \u201cHighway Star\u201d built on lightning guitar solos and meaty organ riffs \u2014 the stuff high-speed chases are made of. But its most legendary moment is \u201cSmoke on the Water,\u201d a true story of a fire breaking out at a Frank Zappa concert, capped with one of rock\u2019s all-time immortal riffs. Machine Head, unsurprisingly, became their most successful album, selling over two million copies \u2014 and every one of those buyers became air-guitar virtuosos. - Jeff Terich 45. Paul Simon - Paul Simon CBS Paul Simon is technically the singer-songwriter's second solo record, but it was basically his first. Seven years after Columbia released The Paul Simon Songbook, featuring sparse renditions of Simon & Garfunkel songs, both past and future \u2014 and two years since the duo\u2019s breakup \u2014 \u201cMother and Child Reunion\u201d became, for all intents and purposes, his debut single. Its trilling, reggae-inspired riff introduced Simon as we now know him: a disciple of the catch-all genre that is World music. The record, while lyrically often as melancholic as his \u201860s catalog, is sonically his sunniest and most textural. It\u2019s a snapshot of a man, having finally shed his adolescence, starting to grasp life\u2019s nuances a little more clearly. - Annie Fell 44. Annette Peacock - I\u2019m The One RCA Victor Annette Peacock\u2019s solo debut is like nothing else out there, whether in 1972 or now. A riotous\u00a0blend of avant-garde jazz, pop, soul, and electronic music (which included manipulating the\u00a0sound of her own voice through a Moog synthesizer), I\u2019m the One might as well exist in its own dimension. The range of these nine songs is startlingly broad: There\u2019s the churning cacophony of the deceptively funky title track, simple passages of Peacock\u2019s voice and piano on \u201c7 Days,\u201d the sound of her shouting at top volume over trumpet-like synth lines on \u201cBlood,\u201d and shifts from unsettling textures to deep, horn-laced soul on \u201cOne Way.\u201d It bears repeating: There\u2019s simply nothing else like I\u2019m the One. - Eric R. Danton 43. Wishbone Ash - Argus MCA Outside of hard rock aficionados and record store clerks processing the umpteemth scratched-up copy of Argus, music lovers have largely forgotten about Wishbone Ash. It's a damn shame too: The British band's third LP, which reached a career-best No. 3 on the U.K. charts, is a classic '70s guitar album \u2014 a font of squealing harmonized leads that left a major mark on, for one, Iron Maiden. \u201cI think if anyone wants to understand Maiden\u2019s early thing, in particular the harmony guitars, all they have to do is listen to ... Argus," that band's bassist, Steve Harris, told Guitar World in 2011. Sandwiched between the proggy dynamic shifts and heavy riffs, the album's softer moments \u2014 like the somber chorus of "Sometime World" \u2014 cut equally deep.\u00a0- Ryan Reed 42. Stevie Wonder - Music of My Mind Tamla Motown It\u2019s not easy being an artist\u2019s second-best album in a calendar year, but few years are more legendary than Stevie Wonder\u2019s 1972. Music of My Mind, released in March but quickly overshadowed by October\u2019s Talking Book, was his first LP under a new Motown contract that gave him full creative control. Drafting co-producers Malcolm Cecil and Robert Margouleff of Tonto\u2019s Expanding Head Band, Wonder began exploring new synthesizer tones and textures: Behold the bubbling Moog bass under his clavinet on \u201cHappier Than the Morning Sun,\u201d or the way the synths on \u201cEvil\u201d manage to imitate both string and brass instruments at once. And though Wonder\u2019s marriage to Syreeta Wright was about to end, there\u2019s still a dizzy sweetness to \u201cLove Having You Around\u201d and \u201cI Love Every Little Thing About You.\u201d - Al Shipley 41. Little Feat - Sailin' Shoes Warner Bros. Following his time in the Mothers of Invention, Lowell George formed Little Feat as a lean quartet with keyboardist Bill Payne and a fellow Frank Zappa alum, bassist Roy Estrada. This line-up stayed together for just two albums, and the second, Sailin\u2019 Shoes, is a fun exercise in shaggy rock freedom, effortlessly blending woozy blues, energetic R&B, and crunchy country. As a highway scribe with scrappy guitar chops, George keeps the album\u2019s vibe loose, leading the band through the raucous strut of \u201cTeenage Nervous Breakdown\u201d and the brawny ballad \u201cWillin\u2019\u201d \u2014 the latter a downtrodden trucker\u2019s tale since covered by Linda Ronstadt and the Black Crowes. The LP didn\u2019t move the needle commercially, but it remains an influential benchmark for bands that like to muddy the waters between roots-based genres. - Jedd Ferris 40. Aretha Franklin - Young, Gifted and Black Atlantic A powerfully personal album from the Queen of Soul, Aretha Franklin\u2019s Young, Gifted and Black spoke to the fraught political and social moment through a blend of original songs and covers. Many highlights fall into the latter category, including gospel-suffused versions of The Beatles\u2019 \u201cThe Long and Winding Road,\u201d Elton John\u2019s \u201cBorder Song\u201d and an uplifting, unapologetic take on Nina Simone\u2019s title track. Her choice of material and its interpretation carried some very precise messages, but the album\u2019s clearest statement can be heard in Franklin\u2019s voice, freely and gracefully exploring pop, gospel-soul, and the scorching funk of \u201cRock Steady.\u201d - B.B. 39. Captain Beyond - Captain Beyond Capricorn The lingering hangover of the \u201860s found its cure in Captain Beyond\u2019s bluesy, jazzy, proto-stoner, prog-pioneering debut album. Comprising former members of Deep Purple, Johnny Winter, and Iron Butterfly, the short-lived supergroup never got their proper due, but this monstrous, three-medley collection hits harder than anything in your \u201870s rock grab bag. Each member adds their weight: Larry Reinhardt\u2019s chugging guitars bore through the center of the Earth; Lee Dorman\u2019s hefty bass punches holes in the stratosphere; Bobby Caldwell\u2019s thunderous rhythms manipulate all perception of time, while Rod Evans\u2019 hallucinatory howls hit like a ton of bricks to the brain. But just when you think it\u2019s getting too heavy to handle, they slip in moments of unbearable lightness, with spacey trips like \u201cMyopic Void\u201d inviting you straight to heaven (or maybe hell) \u2014 no stairway necessary. - Stephanie Garr 38. Alice Coltrane With Strings - World Galaxy Impulse! \/ ABC Alice Coltrane's sixth solo LP closes with a far-out reimagining of "A Love Supreme," a signature composition by her late husband, John. Here, we open and close in the spirit world, sustained by cosmic contrails of harp and strings; between, we plummet back to Earth, Coltrane's funky organ solo illuminating the darkness of rattling percussion and squawking violin. As the title suggests, World Galaxy\u00a0features the heft of a 16-piece orchestra \u2014 but Coltrane's tasteful playing is our emotional anchor, our tour guide between the terrestrial and the celestial.\u00a0- R.R. 37. The Grateful Dead - Europe '72 Warner Bros. Despite arriving only three years after 1969's Live\/Dead, Europe \u201872 showcased the Grateful Dead\u2019s evolution from psychedelia to country-flavored rock. And it remains one of the band\u2019s most popular live albums: Alongside performances of fan favorites such as \u201cTruckin',\u201d \u201cOne More Saturday Night,\u201d \u201cSugar Magnolia,\u201d \u201cChina Cat Sunflower,\u201d and \u201cI Know You Rider,\u201d Europe \u201872 includes several tracks making their Dead record debuts, including \u201cTennessee Jed,\u201d \u201cJack Straw\u201d and \u201cBrown-Eyed Women.\u201d The legacy of Europe '72 endured over the following decades: A mammoth archival box set (73 CDs!) was released in 2011, featuring all 22 shows from the tour. - David Chiu 36. Premiata Forneria Marconi - Per un Amico Numero Uno Italian prog is a genre unto itself, often adding a more Romantic spin on the symphonic style popularized by Yes and Genesis. Of the Big Three (Banco del Mutuo Soccorso, Le Orme, Premiata Forneria Marconi), the latter were the obvious pick to blow up internationally, steadying even their most complex tunes with grabbable melodies and riffs. They did enjoy the most minor of crossover moments, signing with ELP's Manticore Records and hitting No. 180 on the Billboard 200 with their first English-language LP, Photos of Ghosts. But the original Italian version is still their most essential album, offering dark-to-light mini-epics like "Appena Un Po'" and "Il banchetto." - R.R. 35. Todd Rundgren - Something\/Anything? Bearsville Todd Rundgren didn't need to prove anything to anyone: He was producing albums for the likes of Badfinger, the Band, and the earliest iteration of Sparks by late 1971. But when his first two solo LPs didn't earn much chart traction, Todd the God opened 1972 with Something\/Anything?, a double-album of staggering pop ambition. Playing all the instruments himself (except on the fourth side, itself a standalone pseudo-rock opera), Rundgren tried everything on Something: fluffy piano melodies ("Marlene"), swaggering guitar rock ("Wolfman Jack"), shameless Top 40 fodder ("Couldn't I Just Tell You", which feels like a precursor to his future band Utopia), even synth-y dance instrumentals ("Breathless"). In an act of sheer bravado, he transformed a minor hit from his early garage rock outfit Nazz ("Hello It's Me") into a signature song. Something\/Anything? feels like a living, breathing pop music encyclopedia, but some of its best moments are its weirdest ones, like the drugged-up almost-ballad "I Went to the Mirror." Half a century later, listeners are still unraveling this record's comedy, charms, and surprising pathos. - Evan Sawdey 34. Charles Mingus - Let My Children Hear Music Columbia In the liner notes to Let My Children Hear Music, Charles Mingus thanked revered Teo Macero for helping assemble "the best album I have ever made." It\u2019s hard to argue with his pick \u2014 this is certainly among the composer\u2019s most surface-level beautiful work, unfolding dense quilts of sound stitched somewhere between fusion, third stream and the avant-garde. "The Shoes of the Fisherman\u2019s Wife Are Some Jive Ass Slippers" previews the project\u2019s orchestral density, opening with a slow, ascending chromatic climb \u2014 only to dissolve and reform as a gentle swing. But the most characteristic moment could be the "Hobo Ho," Mingus\u2019 swaggering bass riff a platform for woodwind swells both soothing and chaotic.\u00a0- R.R. 33. Gentle Giant - Octopus Vertigo Weirder and punchier than most of its supposed \u201cprog\u201d peers, this aural roller coaster is everything you wanted from that era of Zappa minus the diarrhea of the fingers. Mannered a cappella vocals give way to boogies, then loop back through vigorous bass and percussion while picking up mathematical keys and studio trickery. You can hear and see Octopus in too many New Wave, art-rock, and indie acts to count, but it stomps harder and strums folkier \u2014 a headphones masterpiece of Anglo musical traditions mashed with jazz-psych guitars, horns, synths, and dizzying counterpoint. If you want to call that \u201cprog,\u201d fine. - J.W. 32. Al Green - I'm Still in Love With You Hi Records While Call Me, Green\u2019s consensus masterstroke, wouldn\u2019t land for another six months in spring \u201873, I\u2019m Still In Love With You remains a tremendous, no-skips soul record in its own right. The album is best known for birthing Green\u2019s soothing staple \u201cLove and Happiness\u201d \u2014 a banner example of the magical relationship the singer had with famed producer Willie Mitchell, a pillar of \u201870s Memphis soul. But it should also be recognized for Green\u2019s growing fondness for recording country music, as he covered Kris Kristofferson\u2019s \u201cFor the Good Times\u201d (he\u2019d tackle Hank Williams and Willie Nelson on Call Me). It\u2019s a shrewdly arranged, dynamic, and generally bulletproof album \u2014 further unfairly overshadowed by Let\u2019s Stay Together, also released in \u201872. - Bobby Olivier 31. Catherine Ribeiro + Alpes - Paix Philips Before she was reborn as an avant-garde cult musician, French-Portuguese singer Catherine Ribeiro briefly worked as an actor \u2014 even landing a role in Jean-Luc Godard's fifth film,\u00a0The Carabineers. Makes sense: There are few albums more cinematic than Paix, her third LP with ever-shifting psych-folk backing band Alpes. Even at its earthiest, like the haunting love song "Jusqu'\u00e0 ce que la force de t'aimer me Manque," the album drfits around in outer space \u2014 its sound is built largely on Patrice Lemoine's Pink Floyd-y organ and the dislocating timbres of instruments (including motorized percussion gizmo the percuphone) created by Patrice Moullet. But most space-rock bands don't have a singer with Ribeiro's emotional depth. Her dramatic belting is the star of every track \u2014 including the closing epic "Un Jour... La Mort," in which the singer confronts a demonic female personification of Death.\u00a0- R.R. 30. Novos Baianos -\u00a0Acabou chorare Som Livre "Uncle Sam is wanting to know our batucada," Baby Consuelo sings on\u00a0\u201cBrasil Pandeiro.\u201d The track, halfway between glorious hymn and exorcizing lament, embodies the core ethos of\u00a0Acabou chorare: delineating a crucial crossroads of genres, influences, and approaches within Brazilian music. On their second and most influential LP, Novos Baianos showcase a threshold of eclectic rhythms in a censorship-ridden Brazil, when everything was being reinvented to fit a '70s perspective. Arriving before the funk and disco explosion but after the first importations of "gringo" music, the album exists in this multicolored intersection of motherland and postcolonialism, of identity and communal anonymity, of local relevance and international acclaim. - Ana Leorne 29. Fela & The Africa 70 - Roforofo Fight Jofabro Fela Kuti had already accomplished more in seven years than many musicians do in a lifetime, having moved from Nigeria to London and then back to Nigeria again, collaborating with Cream\u2019s Ginger Baker, establishing a commune, and pioneering the music we now know as Afrobeat. Though a half-dozen albums preceded it, Roforofo Fight is the point at which this achieved a singularity, its 16-minute title track a dizzying swirl of horns, chicken-scratch guitars, and Tony Allen\u2019s frenetic rhythms. Its title is slang for a scuffle in which no one comes out unscathed, Kuti opening the first verse with a jarringly belligerent \u201cGet away! Fuck off! Who are you?\u201d It\u2019s a lesson in humanity designed to make you move. - J.T. 28. Elton John - Honky Chateau DJM Honky Ch\u00e2teau marked a series of firsts for Elton John. It was his first album to top the U.S. charts; his first recorded at legendary French studio Ch\u00e2teau d'H\u00e9rouville (from which the LP takes its name); and the first to use his touring band on all tracks, as his label had insisted on mostly utilizing session players for previous albums. Featuring classics like \u201cHonky Cat,\u201d \u201cRocket Man,\u201d and \u201cMona Lisas and Mad Hatters,\u201d Honky Ch\u00e2teau is a quintessential \u201870s record: It highlights a singular voice and storytelling as focal centerpieces, shifting the pop narrative to the singer-songwriter. - A.L. 27. Aphrodite's Child - 666 Vertigo Those who only know Vangelis for his sappy Chariots of Fire piano theme, prepare to be deeply confused. Years before pivoting into major film scores and electronic soundscapes, the Greek composer was stirring up almighty prog insanity with Aphrodite's Child. The band's double-LP 666, their final project and undisputed peak, piles Biblical-tinted lyrics onto a messy canvas of choral chanting ("Loud Loud Loud"), trancey psych-rock ("The Four Horsemen"), Eastern textures ("The Seventh Seal"), metallic rave-ups ("The Battle of the Locusts"), and avant-garde jazz noodling ("Tribulation"). What madness! God bless 1972.\u00a0- R.R. 26. Steely Dan - Can't Buy a Thrill ABC With a band name borrowed from a fictional dildo and a wardrobe that looked like they robbed a production of Annie Get Your Gun, this greasy bunch of jazz nerds became accidental pop stars in 1972. Can't Buy a Thrill\u00a0offers some of Steely Dan's most recognizable classic rock staples \u2014 the skittering "Reelin' in the Years," which houses a guitar solo known to have made Jimmy Page jealous, and the Latin-flavored "Do It Again" \u2014 yet it's probably the least representative Steely Dan album. This debut presents them as an actual, honest-to-God rock band, with a stable lineup that existed outside of Donald Fagen and Walter Becker's studio whims. Guest singer David Palmer gets a lot of flak from Steely Dan loyalists, but his honeyed pipes fit the languorous "Brooklyn (Owes the Charmer Under Me)" and the indelible "Dirty Work," while "Only a Fool Would Say That" gives an early glimpse of Fagen and Becker's indefatigable cynicism. - Z.S. 25. Terry Callier - What Color is Love Cadet Terry Callier's voice has blood in it \u2014 in certain takes, you can hear the passion erupting from his throat. But often the singer\u2019s timbre is reserved, focused, imbued with the kind of emotion that can't be performed \u2014 only lived-in and felt. Only occasionally seeing commercial success in his life (often because he wrote for other acts or had his work prominently remixed), the Chicago native hit a remarkable creative peak in 1972-\u201973, issuing three extraordinary LPs that seamlessly, reverently blended folk, soul, and jazz. What Color is Love is the best of the trio, with Callier's signature acoustic fingerpicking paired with Charles Stepney's lithe orchestrations. Dramatic opener "Dancing Girl" sets the tone, but the pulsing "You Goin' Miss Your Candyman" has a snap in its step that answers the question, "What would Isaac Hayes sound like covering Astral Weeks?" - E.S. 24. Faust - Faust So Far Polydor Listening to Faust So Far is a lot like reading an issue of Zap Comix: It\u2019s a string of brilliantly mad pop cartoons that could fly off the rails at any second. On their second LP, these Krautrock pranksters created very weird planets with each song, from the chanted, twitchy choogle of \u201cIt\u2019s A Rainy Day, Sunshine Girl\u201d to how \u201cIn the Spirit\u201d flirts with New Orleans blues to how the spindled, bizarre \u201cI\u2019ve Got My Car and My TV\u201d might make you question its makers\u2019 sanity. Tellingly, lead vocalists Jean-Herv\u00e9 P\u00e9ron and Rudolf Sosna sing (mostly) in English, suggesting they knew their audience was everywhere \u2014 and that Faust intended to go everywhere. Names and faces have changed in the years since, but the band\u2019s still going. - Raymond Cummings 23. Bill Withers - Still Bill Sussex A year after he quit his factory job to focus on music, Bill Withers proved his hit debut wasn\u2019t a fluke with the chart-topping classic \u201cLean On Me.\u201d But Still Bill is a funkier, more complex album than its most famous track lets on. \u201cUse Me\u201d and the oft-sampled \u201cKissing My Love\u201d have supple grooves and vocal performances positioning Withers as a convincing R&B heartthrob. Meanwhile, \u201cWho Is He (And What Is He To You)?\u201d and \u201cLet Me In Your Life\u201d highlight Withers\u2019 gift for articulating life experiences unusual for pop songs, like dating in your 30s, and getting involved with people who have exes looming around. - A.S. 22. Funkadelic - America Eats Its Young Westbound Funkadelic\u2019s meandering double album is far from their most popular because it reveals the things no one wants to see once the acid wears off. With the Vietnam War still raging in the background, George Clinton and crew (with Bootsy Collins making his P-Funk debut) find their groove in either fear-fueled funk or soul-saving soul \u2014 even when they\u2019re falling for the devil on the bumping, psych-baroque thriller \u201cMiss Lucifer\u2019s Love.\u201d Among the disillusionment (\u201cYou picket this and protest that and eat yourself fat,\u201d they throw down on soulful boogie "If You Don't Like the Effects, Don't Produce the Cause") is darkness disguised as decadence (\u201cCatch a junkie by the toe,\u201d sings Clinton on the deranged nursery-rhyme funk fest \u201cLoose Booty\u201d). Still, they give you plenty to believe in, signing off with the stirring, stomping rallying cry \u201cWake Up.\u201d - S.G. 21. Neu! - Neu! Brain \u201cKrautrock,\u201d a musical form born in Germany during the late 1960s and early 1970s, is best described as a spectrum. Yet the eponymous debut from Neu!, recorded immediately after founders Klaus Dinger and Michael Rother left Kraftwerk, still epitomizes the genre\u2019s cultural perception: the woozy, hypnotic motorik chug that powers \u201cHallogallo\u201d and \u201cNegativland,\u201d It\u2019s worth noting that Neu! is also home to smeared, waterlogged drones ("Im Gl\u00fcck") and windswept simmer (\u201cSonderangebot\u201d) \u2014 and that half a century after entering the sonic lexicon, it remains as strange, warm, and beguiling as ever. - R.C. 20. Joni Mitchell - For the Roses Asylum \u201cI can\u2019t seem to make it with you socially,\u201d Joni Mitchell confesses in \u201cLesson in Survival,\u201d a highlight from her fifth record, For the Roses. That much is written across her face on the album cover: a photo of her camouflaged in loose forest green, hunched uncomfortably atop a crag in the Canadian wilderness. After the success of Blue the previous year, she wrote her follow-up there in self-imposed exile \u2014 from fame (her own, and her by-then-ex James Taylor\u2019s), and from label suits begging her to write a hit single (which she begrudgingly did with \u201cYou Turn Me On, I\u2019m a Radio.\u201d) The albatross of celebrity has loomed over much of Mitchell\u2019s work; For the Roses was her graceful first tangle with it as a superstar. - A.F. 19. Milton Nascimento and L\u00f4 Borges - Clube da Esquina Odeon For over 40 years, the identity of the two boys featured on the cover of Clube da Esquina remained a cherished pop mystery, with some even speculating the photo showed Milton Nascimento and L\u00f4 Borges as children. But the contrast was more symbolic than anything else, representing an album that felt just as abstract: Was it a movement? A supergroup? A collective project? All and none of the above. Considered one of the most influential and ambitious albums of Brazilian music, the double-LP (Nascimento's fifth and Borges' first) is actually closer to an aesthetic manifesto, unfolding in a sonic odyssey with an MPB heart, a prog-jazz mind, and a psychedelic soul. - A.L. 18.\u00a0The Allman Brothers Band - Eat a Peach Capricorn Eat a Peach will always be a bit bittersweet: a landmark musical triumph, packed with influential touchstones, that was tinged with tragedy. Duane Allman\u2019s fatal motorcycle accident occurred just months before the band released this hybrid studio\/live set, but fortunately, the guitar hero showcased his legacy-defining dimensions one more time. The Allman family bond is strong in \u201cOne Way Out,\u201d a bluesy rumbler with Allman guiding his brother Gregg\u2019s soulful howl through a gritty slide, while a 30-plus-minute version of \u201cMountain Jam\u201d offers a deep look into the band\u2019s improvisatory stage prowess. Beyond the fleet-fingered fireworks, the record also yielded some of the most heartfelt songwriting in their catalog: Dusty country-rock gems \u201cMelissa\u201d and \u201cBlue Sky\u201d still live on FM airwaves today. - J.F. 17. Can - Ege Bamyasi United Artists Can continue to be one of Krautrock's great moving targets. On their third LP, the pioneering German group may call to mind proto-post-punk, years before punk broke through; an avant-classical take on rock music; the Grateful Dead without the humor; electronica performed on traditional rock \u2018n\u2019 roll instruments; the pinnacle of Eurofunk (yes, this is the Can album with \u201cVitamin C\u201d); or the rare Krautrock act with actual swagger. Whatever you think Ege Bamyasi is, you\u2019re correct. It\u2019s an album just as wonderfully formless today as it was in 1972, and it\u2019s still stunning for how good \u2014 and how relevant \u2014 it remains. - Brady Gerber 16. Aretha Franklin - Amazing Grace Atlantic \/ Rhino Aretha Franklin\u2019s first platinum album wasn\u2019t one of her \u201860s breakthroughs recorded in Muscle Shoals. Instead, it was her third live LP and first gospel project. On Amazing Grace, Franklin is flanked by a six-piece band and the Southern California Community Choir, with her father, Rev. C.L. Franklin, naturally making an appearance. But her miraculous voice makes it a religious experience, even for the most agnostic music lover. And while the traditional gospel selections, particularly the 10-minute title track, carry the album, Franklin manages to integrate the songs of Marvin Gaye, Carole King, and Rodgers & Hammerstein without losing the spirit. - A.S. 15. Lou Reed - Transformer RCA Victor For his second solo outing, the Lower East Side\u2019s most scabrous bard decamped to a London studio. Produced and performed alongside David Bowie and Mick Ronson, Transformer is among the most transgressive records ever cut to sound this cuddly and wide-eyed: a glam-rock mash note to sex, gender shenanigans, drugs, and Andy Warhol. Lou Reed\u2019s first full LP of non-Velvet Underground leftovers presents the stirring if overexposed \u201cPerfect Day\u201d; the droll, gritty smash \u201cWalk on the Wild Side\u201d; and the snarled, bitchy \u201cVicious.\u201d Rarely is the tuba as sexily provocative as Herbie Flowers\u2019 lowing on the goofily sensuous \u201cMake Up\u201d or the stoned, staggering \u201cGoodnight Ladies.\u201d - R.C. 14. Jethro Tull - Thick as a Brick Chrysalis Fans who latched onto Jethro Tull for the hard rock riffage of Aqualung must have been bewildered by the follow-up: Thick as a Brick put the prog in progressive folk with one album-length song split over two sides of the LP. Full of complex, twisting musical passages, the album opens with a pastoral couple of minutes centered around acoustic guitar and singer Ian Anderson\u2019s flute. Then the music darts and lunges here and there, incorporating electric guitars, keyboards, timpani and shifting time signatures and tempos. Anderson intended Thick as a Brick to be a sly spoof of concept albums, and of prog bands like Yes and Emerson, Lake & Palmer. He wound up making a proggy concept album that pushed genre boundaries and aged more gracefully than nearly all of its contemporaries. - E.R.D. 13. Al Green - Let's Stay Together London \/ Hi Al Green\u2019s fourth album was his true breakthrough: delivering on the promise of its predecessors, making clear his destiny to rank among the all-time soul greats. No wonder: Let\u2019s Stay Together is a showcase for Green\u2019s voice. He\u2019s sweeter than sugar on the title track (a No. 1 hit), settles back into a slow burn on \u201cLa-La for You\u201d and all but chokes back sobs on \u201cHow Can You Mend a Broken Heart,\u201d accompanied throughout by silky musical arrangements that slide right up to the edge of too much, but never cross that line. - E.R.D. 12. Big Star - #1 Record Stax \/ Ardent Half a century on, the impact of Big Star\u2019s debut keeps reverberating, now louder than ever. This definitive power-pop classic escaped obscurity through word-of-mouth and has stayed relevant because the songs are so damn good. \u201cThirteen\u201d has become an often-covered standard. \u201cIn the Street\u201d was used as the theme for the late-\u201890s sitcom That '70s Show. But in \u201872, after former Box Tops frontman Alex Chilton returned to Memphis and hooked up with his Big Star bandmates, they were really just responding to the British Invasion: reclaiming and building on the work of musicians from the American South, finding yet another new way to sing about love, loss, and redemption. - John Paul Bullock 11. Black Sabbath - Vol. 4 Vertigo Sabbath\u2019s descent into madness began with Vol. 4, whose disjointed nature is still the subject of some contention \u2014 but is in fact its strength. How does the Iommic weight of \u201cUnder the Sun\u201d and \u201cTomorrow\u2019s Dream\u201d coexist with \u201cChanges,\u201d the FM-goes-AM sad rocker ballad \u201cBeth\u201d wishes it was? See track six. How did Sabbath make a groovy soul-crusher with \u201cSupernaut,\u201d Geezer Butler giving Ozzy his most haunted lyric: \u201cI\u2019ve seen the future, and I\u2019ve left it behind\u201d? See track six. And how do you follow that mindfuck, wondering what Butler saw that made him abandon the very idea of linear progress? Track six. - A.O. 10. Genesis - Foxtrot Charisma The second Genesis album featuring the classic quintet lineup, Foxtrot captures the British prog-rock band at their most confident. Opener \u201cWatcher of the Skies,\u201d with its elegant Mellotron introduction, indicates a cohesion that continues throughout the LP, including the whimsical \u201cGet \u2018Em Out By Friday\u201d and anthemic \u201cTime Table.\u201d But the true pi\u00e8ce de r\u00e9sistance for Foxtrot \u2014 and, arguably, Genesis \u2014 remains the 23-minute \u201cSupper's Ready\u201d: Its seven sections vary in mood and tempo, from the pastoral-sounding \u201cLover's Leap\u201d to the climactic "Apocalypse in 9\/8 (Co-Starring the Delicious Talents of Gabble Ratchet).\u201d \u201ce really tried to take people along this dream journey,\u201d Gabriel said in a 2008 interview for the Foxtrot reissue. \u201cWhen it worked, and we got to the 'new Jerusalem' stuff at the end, you were touching people in quite a deep way.\u201d - D.C. 9. Curtis Mayfield - Super Fly Curtom Curtis Mayfield kicked off his post-Impressions solo career on a hot streak, first with the kaleidoscopic soul of his 1970 debut, Curtis, and then with the deeper funk of 1971\u2019s Roots. Completing his opening triptych was 1972\u2019s Super Fly, the soundtrack to Gordon Parks Jr.\u2019s cult blaxploitation film \u2014 and one of the rare soundtracks to outgross the movie it was written for. As much a thematic tie to the film as a socio-political statement about drug addiction in black neighborhoods, Super Fly is social commentary under the guise of escapist entertainment, delivered with Mayfield\u2019s deepest grooves. The title track\u2019s bright and brassy hooks, the minimalist funk of \u201cPusherman,\u201d the hard-hitting wah-wah riffs of \u201cFreddie\u2019s Dead\u201d \u2014 it all amounts to the greatest material Mayfield ever pressed on wax. - J.T. 8. The Rolling Stones - Exile on Main St. Rolling Stones Records Jesus Christ, what\u2019s left to say? Widely considered one of the Stones\u2019 best albums, if not the best \u2014 or the best rock n\u2019 roll album ever recorded, depending on who you talk to \u2014 Exile was a product of exactly that: the band living in the south of France as tax exiles, recording endless late nights and wee mornings at Keith Richards\u2019 villa with a cast of characters too long to list. The sound is loose, rootsy, ramshackle rock with elements of swing and gospel. It\u2019s an exceedingly Americanized album steeped in southern blues, yielding the triumphant global hit \u201cTumbling Dice,\u201d moseying favorite \u201cSweet Virginia\u201d and \u201cHappy,\u201d probably the most recognizable tune with Richards on lead vocal. From \u201cRocks Off\u201d onward, the double album is a dense, soulful, and jam-happy journey to the core of the Stones\u2019 influences \u2014 a knockout blow in a barrage of albums beyond reproach (Goat\u2019s Head Soup would break the streak a year later). - B.O. 7. Neil Young - Harvest Reprise In retrospect, it\u2019s hard to understand what people didn\u2019t understand about Harvest. Upon its release, critics called it \u201cdisappointing,\u201d \u201cembarrassing,\u201d and \u201chalf-assed baloney.\u201d Despite its weak spots \u2014 the London Symphony Orchestra-backed melodramas \u201cA Man Needs a Maid\u201d and \u201cThere\u2019s a World\u201d are infamous clunkers \u2014 its strengths recoup the loss, and then some. From the bad, you are continually pinballed into the very good (\u201cOut on the Weekend,\u201d \u201cThe Needle and the Damage Done\u201d) and even the unimpeachably great (\u201cOld Man\u201d and \u201cHeart of Gold,\u201d Young\u2019s only No. 1 single to date). At least the album's frequent brilliance is now clear with the gift of hindsight. - A.F. 6. Miles Davis - On the Corner Columbia On the Corner is a lot. Is it even jazz, or some wild synthesis of jazz, funk, and psychedelic rock? Or is it just the best block party we never got to attend? Towards the back end of his \u201celectric period\u201d \u2014 and under the influence of James Brown, Sly and the Family Stone, and German composer Karlheinz Stockhausen \u2014 trumpeter and bandleader Miles Davis blew his sound way out. Where 1970\u2019s Bitches Brew swung for astral dissonance bop, On the Corner\u2019s Rube Goldberg machine jams (featuring three guitarists, two sitar players, and hot-shit percussionist James Mtume, plus other players who\u2019d later go on to make names for themselves) were primed to groove hard. Powered by handclaps, whistling, and tambourines, \u201cBlack Satin\u201d can quicken any pulse. Machinist-caliber rhythms and incisive horn phrasing define \u201cOne and One.\u201d And the title track is a busy, glorious sprawl: a seeming mess where every sound has purpose, utility, and verve to spare. - R.C. 5. Yes - Close to the Edge Elektra \/ Rhino \/ Atlantic Building on the momentum of 1971\u2019s Fragile, Yes upped the ante with the more ambitious Close to the Edge. The album consisted of merely three songs, with the 18-minute title track divided into four movements spanning side one. Similar to Genesis' \u201cSupper's Ready,\u201d \u201cClose to the Edge\u201d takes the listener on a spiritual journey filled with shifting moods and tempos \u2014 from the turbulent \u201cTotal Mass Retain\u201d to the ethereal \u201cI Get Up, I Get Down," before building up to a grand finale on \u201cSeasons of Man.\u201d \u201cIt\u2019s very representative of what I think is the Yes style,\u201d Anderson told Music Radar of the album in 2012. \u201cWe experimented a lot, but we also had the talent to back it up.\u201d - D.C. 4. Nick Drake - Pink Moon Island \/ Chronicles In a year of adventurous new sounds, Pink Moon feels bold for doing so much with so little. The English folk artist\u2019s last official album \u2013 the only one released in North America during his lifetime, issued two years before his death of an amitriptyline overdose at age 26 \u2013 features only his hushed voice, an acoustic guitar, and a single piano line overdubbed onto the opening title track. Recorded in two days during the everlasting \u201870s hangover, Pink Moon clocks in under a half-hour. It is the swan song for one man\u2019s melancholy, and it sounds like it has existed for as long as humanity has looked up to the sky. And it will outlive us still. - B.G. 3. Stevie Wonder - Talking Book Tamla Full of sunshine and rain and preternatural emotional depth, Talking Book kicked off Stevie Wonder\u2019s classic period when he was 22. The singer took full control of songwriting this time: alternating heavy funk (\u201cSuperstition,\u201d \u201cMaybe Your Baby\u201d) with impossibly tender ballads, pushing the envelope further with the sardonic protest jam \u201cBig Brother.\u201d Working with co-producers Robert Margouleff and Malcolm Cecil, whose influential synth sounds also graced Music of My Mind, Wonder achieved a rich, layered and remarkably warm sound \u2014 one only matched by Wonder\u2019s other albums from this period. That vibe, paired with Wonder\u2019s smooth, assured voice, belied how groundbreaking and musically challenging the record was. - B.B. 2. David Bowie - The Rise and Fall of Ziggy Stardust and the Spiders From Mars RCA Victor Ziggy Stardust is a sprawling epic, complete with a complicated backstory and rich history to lose yourself in. It\u2019s Bowie at his most iconic, deftly sculpting a timeless figure in the titular character. It\u2019s less a rock opera than a collection of loose plots, like a box of photographs dug out from the back of a closet, dumped onto the floor to sift through. Here\u2019s where Ziggy really sang; that\u2019s where the Starman waited in the sky. The line between Bowie and Stardust blurs in ageless androgyny, leaving us with the grand vision of the artist as both subject and auteur. - Niko Stratis 1. Roxy Music - Roxy Music Reprise \/ E.G. Nineteen seventy-two was a transitional year in music, with disco, punk and hip-hop a few years away from breaking. As if sensing a coming change, many musicians grappled with what the future might sound like \u2014 and Roxy Music\u2019s self-titled debut was one of the most consequential attempts. Their chaotic chimera of high camp, raw tape and synthesizer noise, nasty guitar rock and rampant saxophones was a critical success, even hitting No. 10 on the U.K. charts. Soon, Roxy Music would help shape glam and art rock, along with new wave, electronic music, and punk. For the moment, it signaled that rock\u2019s future was limitless. - B.B.