Though Ms. Knowles' tour de force Beyoncé is clearly a solo statement of purpose, the H-Town-born dynamo also benefitted from the assistance of a multi-talented creative circle – as Kanye West did with Yeezus – that included producers, directors, singers, rappers, songwriters, photographers, visual artists, and novelists. Meet the names who helped Bey perform surgery on our souls.

1.A Complete Guide to Understanding the 44 Names in Beyonce's 'Beyonce' Credits


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Directed: "No Angel"

Web personality who coined the term "seapunk." Recently produced the Azealia Banks single "Yung Rapunxel" and directed the video for Diplo's "Express Yourself." @LILINTERNET and his crew initially believed they were traveling to Houston to shoot the video for "Bow Down."

3.Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie


Credited on: "***Flawless"

Nigerian feminist and writer who in 2008 won a MacArthur genius grant. "***Flawless" samples a portion of "We should all be feminists," a speech she gave at a TED conference this past April. In May, she released her third novel, Americanah.

4.Jonas Akerlund


Directed: "Haunted," "Superpower"

Akerlund is a veteran music-video director who shot seminal clips for the Prodigy ("Smack My Bitch Up") and Madonna ("Ray of Light"). He first worked with Beyoncé in 2010 with the video for her and Lady Gaga's "Telephone." Akerlund also directed the video for Gaga's "Paparazzi," which was shot in the same mansion that is also the setting for the "Haunted" clip, as well as Beyoncé's "Standing on the Sun" H&M ad.



Credited on: "Haunted," "Drunk in Love," "No Angel," "Partition," "Jealous," "***Flawless," "Superpower," "Heaven," "Blue"

A previously unknown singer-songwriter whose identity began to be unraveled by the Internet in the aftermath of Beyoncé. He appears to have been signed to Roc Nation as a writer and producer over the summer but did not pop up anywhere until now, though he did post demos of tracks that would end up on Beyoncé on his Soundcloud.

6.Sidney "Omen" Brown


Credited on: "Mine"

Veteran rap producer from Harlem who has worked with Memphis Bleek, Fabolous, and Ludacris amongst others. His connection with Drake and Noah "40" Shebib dates back to "Shut it Down," a track off Drizzy's debut, and "I'm Single," an organic radio hit by Lil Wayne.

7.Ed Burke


Directed: "Rocket," "Blue"

Burke has worked extensively with Beyoncé, shooting the making-of documentary of her album 4 and a number of concert films. Most recently, he co-directed her HBO documentary Life is But a Dream.

8.Francesco Carrozzini


Directed: "Jealous"

The son of an ex-editor of Italian Vogue, Carrozzini is known mostly as a photographer. But he has also shot documentaries and short films, including the first edition of the New York Times' "Screen Tests." This year he began shooting music videos, beginning with A$AP Rocky's "Phoenix."

9.Shawn "Jay Z" Carter


Credited on: "Drunk in Love"

Husband of Beyoncé. The two first appeared on wax together on Beyoncé's solo breakout smash "Crazy in Love" — easily their best collaboration — and most recently on "Part II (On the Run)," from Jay's Magna Carta Holy Grail.

10.Joshua "Ammo" Coleman


Credited on: "Pretty Hurts"

Songwriter and producer who has worked closely with the Dr. Luke Illuminati: Katy Perry, Jessie J, Ke$ha, Benny Blanco, etc. His major placements include Ke$ha's "We R Who We R" and Perry's "E.T." This is his first time working with Beyoncé.

11.Mike Dean


Credited on: "Partition"

Pioneering producer and engineer for Rap-A-Lot Records, the historic label based in Beyoncé's hometown of Houston. Dean worked extensively with the Geto Boys, whose 1998 video "Gangsta (Put Me Down)" featured a quick Beyoncé cameo. More recently, Dean — who essentially gave his career over to circa 2006 Kanye West — co-produced "Lift Off," the Watch the Throne track in which Beyoncé sings the hook.

12.Pierre Debusschere


Directed: "Ghost," "Mine"

The 28-year-old has worked extensively in the world of fashion, shooting videos but primarily photographs for the menswear label Raf Simons. This appears to be his first time shooting music videos.

13.Rasool Diaz


Credited on: "Jealous," "Drunk in Love"

Diaz is a songwriter and producer signed to Warner Music Group's publishing arm Warner/Chappell. He has gotten his break in the industry thanks to Noel "Detail" Fisher, notching credits on Nelly's "100K" and Lil Wayne's "No Worries," two tracks that Detail produced. Along with fellow Beyoncé collaborators Andre Eric Proctor and Brian Soko, Diaz is a part of a loose music collective dubbed the Order.

14.James Fauntleroy


Credited on: "Blow," "No Angel"

Fauntleroy, who has worked extensively with Rihanna and Frank Ocean, is a veteran industry songwriter whose profile has exploded this year thanks to credited appearances on tracks by Big Sean and J. Cole. He also is ubiquitous across Justin Timberlake's The 20/20 Experience, a two-part album in which he co-wrote every song. Fauntleroy co-wrote the Destiny's Child comeback single "Nuclear" and is featured as the singer on Drake's "Girls Love Beyoncé."

15.Noel "Detail" Fisher


Credited on: "Drunk in Love," "Jealous"

Detroit producer and songwriter who broke through with Ray J's "Sexy Can I" before getting scooped up by Young Money/Cash Money. His Autotune-heavy singing is what T-Pain haters thought the top-hatted Tallahasseean sounded like, but Detail nonetheless wrote and produced on Lil Wayne's smash "How to Love" before co-writing, co-producing, and appearing on Wayne's "No Worries." This year he produced the bulk of Young Money's Rich Gang album and scored a feature on Drake's "305 to My City." He has not previously worked with Beyoncé.

16.Sia Furler


Credited on: "Pretty Hurts"

Australian singer who was most well known for her collaborations with Zero 7 before becoming a major cog in America's pop-music machine. Furler co-wrote Rihanna's number one hit "Diamonds" and landed a Grammy nomination this year for "Wild Ones," the Flo Rida single she co-wrote and sings on. Furler also wrote "Standing on the Sun" — Beyoncé's quasi-promo single/H&M jingle — and landed a song ("Kill and Run") on the soundtrack for The Great Gatsby, which was executive produced by Jay Z.

17.Chris Godbey


Credited on: "Grown Woman"

Primarily a recorder and engineer who has worked this year on The 20/20 Experience, Nothing Was the Same, Magna Carta Holy Grail, and here Godbey picks up the occasional writing or production credit. Most recently, he helped write "Take It Easy on Me," a Timbaland-produced track off Robin Thicke's Blurred Lines.

18.Aubrey "Drake" Graham


Credited on: "Mine"

Toronto rap star who has collaborated multiple times with Jay Z, and who wrote an entire song about the cult of Beyoncé this year. According to producer Noah "40" Shebib, "Mine" was recorded over a two-day period in New York City.

19.Jerome "J-Roc" Harmon


Credited on: "Drunk in Love," "Blow," "Partition," "Rocket," "Grown Woman"

Once part of a production and songwriting team called The Royal Court, Harmon has operated as Timbaland's righthand man for much of the past five years. He had co-credits across Chris Cornell's Scream and Tim's Shock Value II before amassing name recognition for his work on The 20/20 Experience and Jay Z's Magna Carta Holy Grail, albums in which he worked on nearly every single song. He first worked with Beyoncé on "Venus vs. Mars," a Blueprint 3 track in which Beyoncé sings backing vocals.

20.Chauncey "Hit-Boy" Hollis


Credited on: "Haunted," "Jealous," "XO," "***Flawless"

California rap producer who broke out with the titanic "Niggas in Paris" beat. He also was behind the Jay Z, Kanye West, and Big Sean collaboration "Clique," and recently brought his own label over to Interscope after previously being signed to West's Very G.O.O.D. Beats as a producer.

21.Bill Kirstein


Directed: "Rocket," "Blue"

Kirstein has worked primarily as a cinematographer, including on the Beyoncé documentary Life Is But a Dream, but he also has some history of shooting short films. He also worked on the post-production of Beyoncé Live at Roseland: Elements of 4.

22.Melina Matsoukas


Directed: "Pretty Hurts"

Matsoukas has been a major video director for more than a decade, eventually winning a Grammy for Rihanna's "We Found Love." She also has a long history with the Knowles family: Matsoukas has shot 10 Beyoncé videos and a Target commercial, as well as the treatments for Solange's "I Decided" and "Losing You."

23.Timothy "Timbaland" Mosley


Credited on: "Drunk in Love," "Blow," "Partition," "Rocket," "Grown Woman"

Mosley's work on Beyoncé caps off a resurgent 2013 in which he produced all of The 20/20 Experience and the bulk of Magna Carta Holy Grail. His working relationship with Beyoncé dates back to the late '90s, where he produced the Destiny's Child track "Get on the Bus." Beyoncé also sang the hook on "Crazy Feelings," off Missy Elliot's 1999 album Da Real World. With "Drunk in Love" and the Magna Carta track "Part II (On the Run)," Beyoncé, Mosley, and Jay Z have two singles in concurrent rotation.

24.Terius "The-Dream" Nash


Credited on: "Partition," "XO," "***Flawless," "Grown Woman"

Nash was the lead writer on Beyoncé's defining "Single Ladies (Put a Ring On It)." He also co-wrote a number of the best tracks on her 4, including "Love On Top," "Countdown" and "1+1," as well as the singles "End of Time" and "Run the World (Girls)." She also sings on "Turnt," a song off his 2013 solo album IV Play.

25.Frank Ocean


Credited on: "Superpower"

R&B phenom who wrote a track, "I Miss You," for 4 that allegedly brought Beyoncé to tears. This year he appears on Jay Z's "Oceans" and Kanye West's "New Slaves," as well as tracks by Odd Future cohorts Earl Sweatshirt and Tyler, the Creator.

26.Garland Mosley


Credited on: "Grown Woman"

The younger brother of Timbaland who also performs under the name Sebastian. Garland Mosley has rapped extensively over the last 15 years, but also helped write the Ms. Jade hit "Ching Ching," which Beyoncé quotes on this album's "Rocket."

27.Miguel Jontel Pimentel


Credited on: "Rocket"

Singer of "Adorn" fame who has written behind-the-scenes for a few artists including Jaheim and Usher. Last October he posted to Instagram — then quickly deleted — a photo of him and Beyoncé in the studio.

28.Caroline Polachek


Credited on: "No Angel"

The lead singer and songwriter of the indie-pop band Chairlift. Polachek's involvement in Beyoncé came about via her bandmate Patrick Wimberly, who is the drummer for Beyoncé's sister Solange. A fan of Chairlift's, Beyoncé brought Polachek and Wimberly in for studio sessions, though she ended up choosing a demo that Polachek had recorded while on tour in England.

29.D. Pearson


Credited on: "Grown Woman"

Pearson, whose first name is Darryl, was a member of the amorphous songwriting and production stable Swing Mob, which was put together by new jack swing legend and Jodeci founder Devante Swing. The group prominently included Timbaland, and Pearson has gone on to play on a number of Timbaland-produced records since the '90s.

30.Andre Eric Proctor


Credited on: "Drunk in Love," "Jealous"

Almost no information about Andre Eric Proctor exists on the Internet beyond his songwriting credits. Based on those it's easy to glean that he works closely with Detail, landing credits this year on three Detail-helmed tracks: Drake's "Own It," Nelly's "Give U Dat" and Rich Gang's "Sunshine."

31.Rey Reel Music


Credited on: "***Flawless"

Los Angeles-based producer who works extensively with Hit-Boy. He produced the tracks "Option" and "East vs. West" off Hit-Boy's mixtape HITstory and worked on the Hit-Boy remix of and Britney Spears' "Scream & Shout."

32.Jake Nava


Directed: "Partition," "***Flawless," "Grown Woman"

The British-born Nava has been helping to shape Beyoncé's image from the jump, having directed the videos for "Crazy in Love" and "Baby Boy." His crowning achievement, though, is the iconic dance clip for "Single Ladies (Put a Ring On It)." In all, he has now shot nine different Beyoncé videos a number of commercials.

33.Terry Richardson


Directed: "XO"

Photographer and provocateur whose photography aesthetic — with subjects shot in harsh light in their natural state against a stark white background — has become ubiquitous in print and online. This year Richardson directed Miley Cyrus' nude-construction-site video "Wrecking Ball" plus the yet-to-be released clip for Lady Gaga and R. Kelly's "Do What U Want."

34.Kelly Rowland


Credited on: "Superpower"

Singer and original member of Destiny's Child along with Beyoncé, LeToya Luckett, and LaTavia Roberson. This year Rowland released her fourth solo album Talk a Good Game, a record that featured a Destiny's Child reunion ("You've Changed") and a song in which Rowland wrote partly about her relationship with Beyoncé ("Dirty Laundry").

35.Ricky Saiz


Directed: "Yoncé"

Saiz currently works as the co-head designer and co-head of creative for the streetwear brand Supreme. But Saiz also works often as a video artist, with a history that ranges from the underground L.A. singer Hanni El Khatib to Nike. These are his most high-profile music videos to-date.

36.Noah "40" Shebib


Credited on: "Mine"

Close confidant of Drake's who has executive produced his three albums as well as the bulk of his songs. 40 was behind the boards for the infamous one-off "Girls Love Beyoncé."

37.Kelly Sheehan


Credited on: "Grown Woman"

A songwriter who also goes by "Madame Buttons" and who is signed to Dr. Luke's publishing company Prescription Songs while being managed by Roc Nation. Sheehan co-wrote Nicki Minaj's "Young Forever" and Rita Ora's "How We Do (Party)" and also worked as an engineer on Ciara's "Ride" and Mariah Carey's "Touch My Body," two tracks written by The-Dream.

38.Brian Soko


Credited on: "Drunk in Love," "Jealous"

Soko is a close partner of Rasool Diaz and Andre Eric Proctor, with all three operating under the wing of Detail. Soko, like Diaz and Proctor, pops up as a writer on this year's Rich Gang album, having contributed to "100 Favors," a track naturally produced by Detail.

39.Ryan Tedder


Credited on: "XO"

Schmaltz-pop practitioner who also fronts the band OneRepublic. Tedder has worked on two other Beyoncé tracks: "Halo," which the two wrote and produced together, and "I Was Here," a regrettable track off 4. He recently said that "XO" "could be the biggest song I've been a part of."

40.Justin Timberlake


Credited on: "Blow," "Partition," "Rocket"

Timberlake and Beyoncé have a short but not insignificant professional history. She appeared on the single release of his FutureSex/LoveSounds track "Until the End of Time" and in his 2009 SNL parody of her "Single Ladies (Put a Ring On It)" video. The two also sing on "BBC," a celebrity posse cut off Jay Z's Magna Carta Holy Grail.

41.Todd Tourso


Directed: "Jealous," "Heaven"

The L.A. visual artist once worked at Warner Bros. Records as its art director and at the magazine Flaunt as its creative director. He now works independently, though he appears to have been a member of Lady Gaga's design house Haus of Gaga at one time. Tourso helped shoot a "short film" (i.e. commercial) for Gaga's fragrance, Fame.

42.Dwane "Key Wayne" Weir


Credited on: "Partition," "Mine"

The 23-year-old Detroit producer has come up alongside Big Sean, who he met in 2005. Key Wayne has clocked a number of hit singles in the past two years: Big Sean's "Guap" and "Beware," Meek Mill's "Amen," and most recently Drake's "All Me." Late last year he revealed that he had been working on material for Beyoncé.

43.Hype Williams


Directed: "Drunk in Love," "Blow"

Arguably the greatest music-video director of all time, whose bonkers sets and costumes — frequently shot through a fisheye lens — set the standard for visuals in the '90s. He first worked with Beyoncé in 2005 when he directed the "Check On It" video.

44.Michelle Williams


Credited on: "Superpower"

Williams joined Destiny's Child in 2000 and is still a current member of the group. Williams last released a solo album in 2008 but has enjoyed a thriving Broadway career. She appears with the other two members of Destiny's Child on the reunion track "Nuclear" and "You've Changed," the song off Kelly Rowland's most recent album.

45.Pharrell Williams


Credited on: "Blow," "Superpower"

A budding legend who needs no introduction. As part of the Neptunes, Pharrell first worked with Beyoncé on "Work It Out," a track off the Austin Powers: Goldmember soundtrack that also served as the forgotten lead single off Beyoncé's solo debut. The Neptunes later landed two track's on her second album B'Day, and this year Pharrell produced single "Nuclear," the new Destiny's Child song.